But as if without sensibility, we were not eager to make the Deity favorable and propitious; and some, like atheists, thought that our affairs were unheeded and ungoverned; and thus we added one wickedness to another. 6. But Maximinus, the tyrant in the East, having secretly formed a friendly alliance with the Roman tyrant as with a brother in wickedness, sought to conceal it for a long time. Wherefore also being zealous for the greater gifts, the Christ-bearing martyrs endured all trials and all kinds of contrivances for torture; not once only, but some also a second time. Ecclesiastical Writers CHAPTER 9. Becoming exceedingly timid and superstitious, he valued greatly the error of idols and demons. For the sea could not be navigated, nor could men sail from any port without being exposed to all kinds of outrages; being stretched on the rack and lacerated in their sides, that it might be ascertained through various tortures, whether they came from the enemy; and finally being subjected to punishment by the cross or by fire. Although they received the highest honors from their masters, and were treated by them as their own children, they esteemed reproaches and trials for religion, and the many forms of death that were invented against them, as, in truth, greater riches than the glory and luxury of this life. book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10. chapter: ... Eusebius, The Ecclesiastical History, Vol 1-2. He showed himself an emulator of his father's piety toward our doctrine. book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10. chapter: chapter 1 chapter 2 chapter 3 chapter 4 chapter 5 chapter 6 chapter 7 chapter 8 chapter 9 chapter 10 chapter 11 chapter 12 chapter 13. 12. 3. Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History: The Ten Books of Christian Church History, Complete and Unabridged. But these things did not avail them against the holy martyrs; for an accurate description of whom, what word of ours could suffice? But not long after, other decrees were issued, commanding that all the rulers of the churches in every place be first thrown into prison, and afterwards by every artifice be compelled to sacrifice. It was shortly after 313 that Eusebius became a bishop, as it was, for the most part, after 313 that his works were actually composed. 3. Such an one was he. 5. These persons, although a multitude of relatives and other friends besought them, and many in high position, and even the judge himself entreated them, that they would have compassion on themselves and show mercy to their children and wives, yet were not in the least induced by these things to choose the love of life, and to despise the ordinances of our Saviour concerning confession and denial. Video. 3. 2. 1. It was wonderful how akin he was in wickedness to the tyrant at Rome, or rather how far he surpassed him in it. Their fingers were pierced with sharp reeds under their nails. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. 2) many years afterwards referred to the fire as caused by lightning, which is clearly only a makeshift, for, as Burckhardt remarks, there could have been no doubt in that case how the fire originated. In regard to the effects of the fire upon Diocletian's attitude toward the Christians, see above, note 3, and below, p. 400. ... Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History, Books I-V (Loeb Classical Library, No. The favor shown our people by the rulers might be adduced as evidence; as they committed to them the government of provinces, and on account of the great friendship which they entertained toward their doctrine, released them from anxiety in regard to sacrificing. Eusebius of Caesarea ~ 340 AD CHURCH HISTORY :Index. They then listened to her advice. 4. Among the martyrs at Antioch was Lucian, a presbyter of that parish, whose entire life was most excellent. 1. All that pass by have plundered the multitude of the people; and he has become besides a reproach to his neighbors. EUSEBIUS PAMPHILI: ECCLESIASTICAL HISTORY, BOOKS 6-10 | ROY J. DEFERRARI | download | Z-Library. For the chief of sorcerers and magicians were honored by him with the highest rank. 5. To mention each by name would be a long task, if not indeed impossible. He urged her many times, but although she was ready to die, he could not put her to death, for his desire was stronger than his anger. Thereupon many of the soldiers were seen most cheerfully embracing private life, so that they might not deny their piety toward the Creator of the universe. Home > Fathers of the Church > Church History (Eusebius) > Book V. Church History (Book V) ... Apollonius also, an ecclesiastical writer, undertook its refutation, and wrote a special work against it, correcting in detail the false prophecies current among them and reproving the life of … And at their contest, immediately after the scourging, with bloodthirsty wild beasts, as they were cast before leopards and different kinds of bears and wild boars and bulls goaded with fire and red-hot iron? And the women were not less manly than the men in behalf of the teaching of the Divine Word, as they endured conflicts with the men, and bore away equal prizes of virtue. The result was the first full-length historical narrative written from a Christian point of view. It is possible, as Mason suggests, that in the copies of the edict which were designed for other parts of the empire than his own the names of all four emperors appeared. ad Sanct. For they understood that our Lord Jesus Christ had become man on our account, that he might cut off all sin and furnish us with the means of entrance into eternal life. 6. The virtue of his manly deeds we have recorded in the proper place. To crown all his wickedness, the tyrant resorted to magic. He is reported to have been the original author of the misery of the persecution, having endeavored, long before the movement of the other emperors, to turn from the faith the Christians in the army, and first of all those in his own house, degrading some from the military rank, and abusing others most shamefully, and threatening still others with death, and finally inciting his partners in the empire to the general persecution. When therefore they were ordered to choose whether they would be released from molestation by touching the polluted sacrifice, and would receive from them the accursed freedom, or refusing to sacrifice, should be condemned to death, they did not hesitate, but went to death cheerfully. 3. 5. Not long after, the Emperor Constantius, who through his entire life was most kindly and favorably disposed toward his subjects, and most friendly to the Divine Word, ended his life in the common course of nature, and left his own son, Constantine, as emperor and Augustus in his stead. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. 1 and 2, below. The bishop was thrown into the depths of the sea. 4. This period produced divine and illustrious martyrs, above all whose praises have ever been sung and who have been celebrated for courage, whether among Greeks or barbarians, in the person of Dorotheus and the servants that were with him in the palace. J.E.L. Again not less than thirty, then about sixty, and yet again a hundred men with young children and women, were slain in one day, being condemned to various and diverse torments. 1. 4. of the edition of Eusebius in Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der erstern drei Jahrhunderte, published by the Berlin Academy. But after this, Licinius was declared emperor and Augustus by a common vote of the rulers. An illustration of an audio speaker. 10. One could not but be astonished at the invincible firmness of these holy men, and the enduring and immovable constancy of those whose bodies were young. 2. He took away from the wealthy the property which they had inherited from their ancestors, and bestowed vast riches and large sums of money on the flatterers about him. But far the most admirable was that woman at Rome, who was truly the most noble and modest of all, whom the tyrant Maxentius, fully resembling Maximinus in his actions, endeavored to abuse. It would be impossible to recount the number of senators who were put to death for the sake of their wealth; multitudes being slain on various pretenses. Therefore it was commanded that our eyes should be put out, and that we should be maimed in one of our limbs. 7. And as he in nowise harmed them, they let loose other wild beasts upon them. And the spectacle of the outrages was varied and exhibited great malignity. The best known among them were Eusebius of Nicomedia (called by Arius the brother of Eusebius of Cæsarea), Eusebius of Emesa, and Eusebius of Samosata. 1. Many others, unable even to listen to the threats of violation from the heathen rulers, endured every form of tortures, and rackings, and deadly punishment. For as they despised death, they cared nothing for his power. Some, also, after these outrages, were placed on the stocks, and had both their feet stretched over the four holes, so that they were compelled to lie on their backs on the stocks, being unable to keep themselves up on account of the fresh wounds with which their entire bodies were covered as a result of the scourging. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. London; New York; Cambridge, Mass. Others half dead were shut up in prison, and suffering with their agonies, they died in a few days; but the rest, recovering under the care which they received, gained confidence by time and their long detention in prison. And at the marvelous endurance of these noble men in the face of all sorts of wild beasts? 18. Lawlor. Books. But not long after, as persons in the country called Melitene, and others throughout Syria, attempted to usurp the government, a royal edict directed that the rulers of the churches everywhere should be thrown into prison and bonds. 15. But this was not due to any human agency; nor was it the result, as one might say, of the compassion or philanthropy of our rulers — far from it, for daily from the beginning until that time they were devising more and more severe measures against us, and continually inventing outrages by a greater variety of instruments — but it was manifestly due to the oversight of Divine Providence, on the one hand becoming reconciled to his people, and on the other, attacking him who instigated these evils, and showing anger toward him as the author of the cruelties of the entire persecution. For he said that they were not to have the least concern for us, but were to think and act as if we no longer existed, our enemies having invented this second mode of torture in addition to the stripes. Immediately on the publication of the decree against the churches in Nicomedia, a certain man, not obscure but very highly honored with distinguished temporal dignities, moved with zeal toward God, and incited with ardent faith, seized the edict as it was posted openly and publicly, and tore it to pieces as a profane and impious thing; and this was done while two of the sovereigns were in the same city — the oldest of all, and the one who held the fourth place in the government after him. 34. And in this he succeeded with all except the Christians. Another was punished with insupportable rackings and scrapings, in which some suffered a miserable death. He has shortened the days of his time, and besides all, has poured out shame upon him. The translation in the present case is in the main accurate though somewhat free. Such things occurred in Nicomedia at the beginning of the persecution. 3. 3. It is impossible to tell the ways in which this tyrant at Rome oppressed his subjects, so that they were reduced to such an extreme dearth of the necessities of life as has never been known, according to our contemporaries, either at Rome or elsewhere. 2. For having separated wives from their lawful consorts, he abused them and sent them back most dishonorably to their husbands. by Eusebius Pamphilus | Aug 2, 2018. Then the torturers, as commanded, lacerated with instruments their entire bodies; not only their sides, as in the case of murderers, but also their stomachs and knees and cheeks. As this went on, some died under the tortures, shaming the adversary by their constancy. He took not the smallest part in the war against us, and preserved the pious that were under him unharmed and unabused. He therefore punished her with exile, and took away all her property. The main characters of this non fiction, classics story are Irenaeus, Heraclas. Sometimes more than ten, at other times above twenty were put to death. Keyboarding. Again you might have seen others, for they were five in all, cast before a wild bull, who tossed into the air with his horns those who approached from the outside, and mangled them, leaving them to be token up half dead; but when he rushed with rage and threatening upon the holy martyrs, who were standing alone, he was unable to come near them; but though he stamped with his feet, and pushed in all directions with his horns, and breathed rage and threatening on account of the irritation of the burning irons, he was, nevertheless, held back by the sacred Providence. Our account will begin at this point. Such was the career of wickedness which was carried forward at one and the same time by the two tyrants who held the East and the West. One only of those who were seized for adulterous purposes by the tyrant, a most distinguished and illustrious Christian woman in Alexandria, conquered the passionate and intemperate soul of Maximinus by most heroic firmness. 3. For when the commander, whoever he was, began to persecute the soldiers, separating into tribes and purging those who were enrolled in the army, giving them the choice either by obeying to receive the honor which belonged to them, or on the other hand to be deprived of it if they disobeyed the command, a great many soldiers of Christ's kingdom, without hesitation, instantly preferred the confession of him to the seeming glory and prosperity which they were enjoying. Click anywhere in the There also the Egyptian bishops, Peleus and Nilus, with others, suffered death by fire. ... Ecclesiastical Writers. And by her deeds, more powerfully than by any words, she has shown to all men now and hereafter that the virtue which prevails among Christians is the only invincible and indestructible possession. He suffered no one to surpass him in debauchery and profligacy, but made himself an instructor in wickedness to those about him, both rulers and subjects. The end of his life was honorable and thrice blessed. Download Eusebius the Church History Books now!Available in PDF, EPUB, Mobi Format. For a long time the man-devouring beasts did not dare to touch or draw near the bodies of those dear to God, but rushed upon the others who from the outside irritated and urged them on. It is reported that with a certain divine and indescribable eagerness men and women rushed into the fire. 4. Since great envy was excited on their account, every means was used to find them in their concealment; and when it was ascertained that they were away, they were summoned deceitfully to Antioch. In another letter we shall indicate to the magistrates what they have to observe. Others were thrown on the ground and lay there under the accumulated infliction of tortures, exhibiting to the spectators a more terrible manifestation of severity, as they bore on their bodies the marks of the various and diverse punishments which had been invented. 4. 9. Wherefore we have decided to relate nothing concerning them except the things in which we can vindicate the Divine judgment. Women were bound by one foot and raised aloft in the air by machines, and with their bodies altogether bare and uncovered, presented to all beholders this most shameful, cruel, and inhuman spectacle. Then those who were highest in the government, and had held the position ten or twenty years, passed their time in tranquil peace, in festivals and public games and most joyful pleasures and cheer. But with manly and philosophic minds, or rather with pious and God-loving souls, they persevered against all the threats and insults of the judge; and both of them were beheaded. Among these we must mention Pamphilus, a presbyter, who was the great glory of the parish of Cæsarea, and among the men of our time most admirable. Neither, although they kept quiet, and bore the bitter servitude, was there any relief from the murderous cruelty of the tyrant. He neither threw down the church buildings, nor did he devise anything else against us. 4.8 out of 5 stars 9. Maxentius his son, who obtained the government at Rome, at first feigned our faith, in complaisance and flattery toward the Roman people. The Lord also overwhelmed all the beautiful things of Israel, and threw down all his strongholds. In these conflicts the noble martyrs of Christ shone illustrious over the entire world, and everywhere astonished those who beheld their manliness; and the evidences of the truly divine and unspeakable power of our Saviour were made manifest through them. The original Latin is found in Lactantius' De mort. But we shall introduce into this history in general only those events which may be usefull first to ourselves and afterwards to posterity. Dying immediately, she left her corpse to those who had come for her. These indeed should be admired. 1. Hence we shall not mention those who were shaken by the persecution, nor those who in everything pertaining to salvation were shipwrecked, and by their own will were sunk in the depths of the flood. And we beheld the most wonderful ardor, and the truly divine energy and zeal of those who believed in the Christ of God. 8. chap. While thus their authority was growing uninterruptedly, and increasing day by day, suddenly they changed their peaceful attitude toward us, and began an implacable war. 3. But in the tenth year, through the grace of God, it ceased altogether, having begun to decrease after the eighth year. And those who placed him on the pyre were not permitted to desist until, after such sufferings, he should assent to the things commanded. And those esteemed our shepherds, casting aside the bond of piety, were excited to conflicts with one another, and did nothing else than heap up strifes and threats and jealousy and enmity and hatred toward each other, like tyrants eagerly endeavoring to assert their power. We were present ourselves when these things occurred, and have put on record the divine power of our martyred Saviour Jesus Christ, which was present and manifested itself mightily in the martyrs. Which makes this site the easiest way to read Eusebius Church History online with a desktop or mobile device. 9. The Emperor Cæsar Galerius Valerius Maximinus, Invictus, Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, conqueror of the Germans, conqueror of the Egyptians, conqueror of the Thebans, five times conqueror of the Sarmatians, conqueror of the Persians, twice conqueror of the Carpathians, six times conqueror of the Armenians, conqueror of the Medes, conqueror of the Adiabeni, Tribune of the people the twentieth time, Emperor the nineteenth time, Consul the eighth time, Father of his country, Proconsul; 4. and the Emperor Cæsar Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Pius, Felix, Invictus, Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, Tribune of the people, Emperor the fifth time, Consul, Father of his country, Proconsul; 5. and the Emperor Cæsar Valerius Licinius, Pius, Felix, Invictus, Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, Tribune of the people the fourth time, Emperor the third time, Consul, Father of his country, Proconsul; to the people of their provinces, greeting: simplest explanation is that he did not wish to have his name appear in a document which was utterly distasteful to him and which he never fully sanctioned, as we learn from Bk. But there were two other virgins in the same city of Antioch who served God in all things, and were true sisters, illustrious in family and distinguished in life, young and blooming, serious in mind, pious in deportment, and admirable for zeal. 13. These things grieved Maximinus greatly, for until that time he had been entitled by all only Cæsar. 4. In fact, it must be acknowledged that the case against them is pretty strong.} And no one expected anything else than to be attacked by enemies any day. Translated by … But he who preceded him, the most merciful and kindly emperor Constantius, passed all the time of his government in a manner worthy of his office. The author of the edict very shortly after this confession was released from his pains and died. Such an one was he. For as soon as sentence was pronounced against the first, one after another rushed to the judgment seat, and confessed themselves Christians. For his only hope was that, by these means, victory would be secured to him. It is not proper to pass over the death of these emperors in silence. One cried out and with a loud voice testified his rejection of the sacrifice; another shouted that he was a Christian, being resplendent in the confession of the saving Name. Of those after them, the last, of whom we have spoken as the originator of the entire persecution, suffered such things as we have related. Contact information. What words could describe their courage and manliness under every torture? Indeed, without soothsayers and oracles he did not venture to move even a finger, so to speak. Such was the conflict of those Egyptians who contended nobly for religion in Tyre. Hide browse bar But as he was unmoved by these sufferings, and his bones were already appearing, they mixed vinegar with salt and poured it upon the mangled parts of his body. For when she learned that those who served the tyrant in such matters were at the house (she also was a Christian), and that her husband, although a prefect of Rome, would suffer them to take and lead her away, having requested a little time for adorning her body, she entered her chamber, and being alone, stabbed herself with a sword. From Eusebius: Ecclesiastical History, BOOK 8, Chapter 12 332 . Lamentations 2:1-2. Eusebius, The Ecclesiastical History, Vol 1-2. Kirsopp Lake. 2. of Part II. 1. He was the first whose decrees and statues and public monuments were destroyed because of his wickedness and impiety. 4. H.J. Such was the first edict against us. 7. 153) (Volume I) by Eusebius and Kirsopp Lake | Jan 1, 1926. As we have described in seven books the events from the time of the apostles, we think it proper in this eighth book to record for the information of posterity a few of the most important occurrences of our own times, which are worthy of permanent record. Lawlor. As he scorned these agonies, a gridiron and fire were brought forward. The edict is an acknowledgment of defeat on Galerius' part, and was undoubtedly caused in large part by a superstitious desire, brought on by his sickness, to propitiate the God of the Christians whom he had been unable to conquer. Oulton. For it is said, 'He that sacrifices to other gods shall be utterly destroyed,' Exodus 22:20 and, 'You shall have no other gods before me.' 2. 7. You could have seen a youth not twenty years of age standing unbound and stretching out his hands in the form of a cross, with unterrified and untrembling mind, engaged earnestly in prayer to God, and not in the least going back or retreating from the place where he stood, while bears and leopards, breathing rage and death, almost touched his flesh. And after arranging their garments suitably, they went aside from the middle of the road, having requested of the guards a little time for retirement, and cast themselves into a river which was flowing by. And they would not in the least touch the holy athletes, as they stood alone and naked and shook their hands at them to draw them toward themselves — for they were commanded to do this. 14. Constantine (Orat. Your current position in the text is marked in blue. For they said that it was not fitting that the cities should be polluted with the blood of their own people, or that the government of their rulers, which was kind and mild toward all, should be defamed through excessive cruelty; but that rather the beneficence of the humane and royal authority should be extended to all, and we should no longer be put to death. With him was the celebrated Gorgonius, and as many as had been esteemed worthy of the same distinction on account of the word of God. But why need we dwell upon these things, and continue to add fresh instances of the conflicts of the divine martyrs throughout the world, especially since they were dealt with no longer by common law, but attacked like enemies of war? This persecution began with the brethren in the army. But how can any one describe those vast assemblies, and the multitude that crowded together in every city, and the famous gatherings in the houses of prayer; on whose account not being satisfied with the ancient buildings they erected from the foundation large churches in all the cities? 1. This continued for a long time, and occasioned no little wonder to the spectators.
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